Wisconsin’s 12,000-year-old trail challenges modern-day trail runners
Dave Dehart and pacer at the Kettle Moraine 100 Endurance Run, Ice Age Trail, Wisconsin. Photo by Bob Bergstrom.
Kettles, drumlins, moraines, erratics and eskers are not in all trail runners’ vernacular, but they are familiar terms to upper Midwesterners. Over 12,000 years ago, the area that is now called Wisconsin was covered in a vast sheet of glacial ice, and the unique geologic features left behind have created a fantastic trail-running environment. And the state’s showpiece is the 1000-mile Ice Age Trail.
Conceived by Milwaukeean Ray Zillmer, the non-profit Ice Age Trail Alliance was formed in 1958 to create the trail, and now features 21 local chapters. Says Eric Sherman of the Ice Age Trail Alliance, “The trail is almost exclusively built and maintained by volunteers. In 2009, we had more than 58,000 volunteer hours.”
Trail Heads Multiplied
Over the 1000-mile-long Ice Age Trail, runners encounter a variety of environments, including rolling pine and deciduous forests, open grasslands, marshes and hilly kettle moraines. Trail surfaces range from wide, flat sections used for cross-country skiing in winter to the most rugged singletrack imaginable.
To date, 154 people have hiked or run the entire length of the trail section by section. Seventeen of those have covered it in a continuous adventure. On a map, the roughly U-shaped Ice Age Trail comes close to a few cities, including Milwaukee, Madison and Eau Claire.
Jason Dorgan, 45, of Madison, Wisconsin, is an ultramarathoner who has finished Death Valley’s Badwater 135-miler and lives less than two miles from an Ice Age Trail intersection. In 2007, to raise awareness and funds for the Ice Age Trail, Dorgan ran it in a record 22 days 6 hours. He is also race director of the Kettle Moraine 100 Endurance Runs in central Wisconsin, three hours northwest of Milwaukee. His favorite sections of the trail pass through pine forests. “They are smooth and covered with pine needles,” he says, “which make a soft running surface. And the trees also offer cool shade between the open grass meadows.”
Many sections of the Ice Age, though, are narrow singletrack riddled by potentially ankle-twisting roots. Northern sections of the trail can be remote and see far fewer visitors than the southern sections, and remote camping options offer a wilderness experience.