Bryon Powell November 18, 2011 TWEET COMMENTS 3

Keeping the Glass Half Full - Page 5

Electrolytes: LOW


Hydration: HIGH Hydration: OK Hydration: LOW
Condition: Condition: Condition:
Hyponatremia w overhydration—DANGEROUS! Hyponatremia Hyponatremia w dehydration
Likelihood: Moderate Likelihood: Mild form is common Likelihood: Rare
Symptoms: Symptoms: Symptoms:
→Weight is up a few pounds or more →Weight is normal →Weight down a few pounds or more
→Wrists and hands are puffy →Stomach is queasy, with poor food acceptance →Thirst is high, and salty foods taste good
→Nausea, stomach sloshing, possible vomiting →Wrists may be puffy →Mouth is dry—can't spit
→Thirst is low, and salty foods taste very good →Salty foods taste good →May have cramping
→Mental confusion, odd behavior →Thirst is normal →Skin is dry and may tent if pinched
→Mouth is moist—can spit →Mouth is moist—can spit →May have dizziness when standing up
→Urination may be voluminous and crystal clear →May have cramping
Causes: Overhydration, insufficient sodium intake Causes: Insufficient electrolyte intake Causes: Insufficient drinking, no electrolyte intake
What to do: Drink only to wet mouth until weight is normal, then correct any sodium deficit. What to do: Increase electrolyte intake until stomach feels OK What to do: Take electrolytes and drink sports drink or water.

Tables created by Karl King of Succeed! (www.succeedscaps.com).

Table copyright (C) 2011 by Karl King. No reproduction without permission.


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